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War in Ukraine

Nr. Lubyanka, Kiev (Kyiv) region, June 17, 2022. Ukraine Bucha Territorial Defense Forces training in the fortified area created by the occupying Russian Forces near the village of Lubyanka.

I came to Ukraine with Czech Radio reporter Martin Dorazín at the end of January 2022. War hung in the air, but few had any idea what form the conflict would take. We didn’t know either. When the war started, it took our breath away. The invasion surprised not only us, but also the Ukrainians and the entire world.

I’ve seen a lot of wars, but not all of them have had such a clear aggressor and victim. Not every one was as transparently black and white as this Ukrainian one is.

It was admirable how quickly the Ukrainians got together. Hundreds of thousands of volunteers signed up for the army; volunteer organizations were formed to help the soldiers. People have sewn camouflage nets, brought food to the front, raised money for weapons and night vision devices, helped out in hospitals, transported refugees. I know a number of men who, on their own, drive their cars and go to dangerous areas, to the villages at the front, to evacuate the last inhabitants. After meeting these guys, I don’t know who else I could possibly call a hero.

Pavlovka Nr. Vuhledar, Donbas, Ukraine, July 1, 2022. Loaves of bread and drinking water being distributed to residents of Pavlovka which was liberated from Russian forces a week earlier. Pavlovka was occupied by Russian forces from 22 March to 23 June 2022.

But the words stop coming to me when I see villages levelled to the ground. When I see whole families who have fled from Mariupol arriving in Zaporozhye in cars peppered by shrapnel. When I visit a hospital filled with children wounded by Russian ammunition. Words fail me when I talk to a woman who buried her husband in the garden outside her house after he was shot by the occupiers, just a week before the village was liberated by the Ukrainian army. I don’t know what to say when a woman tells me how her husband used to go to the next village to get bread, which he then distributed to indigent neighbors.

Sometimes I ride with volunteers like him; they also bring bread for those who can no longer afford it. We go to shelled villages and bring water and bread to their inhabitants. They live in cellar they now call “bomb shelters”. For several months now, they have had no electricity, no gas, no sources of water.

Not everyone loves Ukraine. I also meet those who are waiting for the arrival of the Russian world. Instead, they will receive Russian bombs. The bombs do not distinguish between “Russian patriots” and “Ukrainian nationalists.”

Sloviansk, Donetsk O, Ukraine, April 6, 2022.

Volunteers help a man in a wheelchair, who was evacuated from the Donetsk region, out of a minibus. He will stay with his family overnight at the Good News Church (Dobraya Vest) and leave the next day to the west of Ukraine by train.

Avdiivka, Donbas, Ukraine, July 2, 2022.

Residents with food packages distributed after a service by the Christian Church of Awakening at the Rubin Theatre. The population of Avdiivka before Russia’s invasion was around 20,000, now just 3,000 citizens remain in the city, mostly the elderly. It’s dangerous to live in Avdiivka, the city is shelled all day and night.

Zaporozhzhia, Ukraine, March 21, 2022.

Masha Feschenko (15) was badly injured near her home in the city of Polohy, Zaprozhskaya oblast which has been under attack since 2 March 2022. Masha said on 13 March 2022 it was a beautiful day, quiet and sunny, and Masha, her mother and a girlfriend left the cellar, which they had been using as a bomb shelter, and went for a walk outside. Just then, an artillery shell landed three metres from them and exploded. Masha’s mother threw herself over both girls to try and protect them, but Masha’s arm was shredded by shrapnel and her shoulder broken. Later, her right leg was amputated.

Krasnohorivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine, September 10, 2022.

A fire rages in a house which was destroyed when, a short while before a plane coming from the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic dropped a bomb on the private house. There were no casualties as nobody lives there.

Rozdolivka, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, August 17, 2022.

Olga cries because she would like to evacuate, but her husband who cannot walk absolutely refuses to go. Rozdolivka is just a few kilometers from the frontline. Two days ago a house near Olga’s was hit by a Russian rocket.

Sloviansk, Donetsk region, Ukraine, September 11, 2022.

Nina, who lives on the fifth floor of an apartment building hit by two Russian rockets  on 11 September 2022 at around three o’clock in the afternoon, has her injuries, caused by shards of glass.

Bucha, Kyiv Obl. August 13, 2022.

The family of Anton Viktorovych Savytskyi (43) cry over Anton’s coffin during his funeral. Anton was killed fighting against Russian forces on 7 August 2022 in Bakhmut, Donetsk region. He left behind a wife and three children.

Then one day they show you a mass grave. And another, and one more. I’m not a writer, I’m a photographer, and I try to say a lot with my photos. But I will never be able to explain to anyone what a mass grave smells like, either in pictures or words or in any other way. There is something inappropriate about the smell of victims. Everyone wants to belong to someone, even after death. They don’t want to stink, but rest in peace. This is what the dead need, and not only in this war. Instead, they are found buried in makeshift graves in the fields and woods, under nameless crosses, sharing a grave with dozens of other victims.

At the cemetery, I meet a soldier with some flowers that he wants to place on his friend’s grave. But he gets completely lost among the fresh graves. There are so many here! He doesn’t know which one is his friend.

As quietly as possible I try to photograph the funeral of a man who was the father of three children. The family cry. The youngest is twelve.

I have no words to answer the old woman who asks me: “Are you a journalist? When will this hell end, please?

Izium, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine, September 19, 2022. For the third day running, emergency service workers and scenes of crime investigators continue the exhumation of makeshift graves in a pine forest at the edge of Izium. 170 bodies of the more than 440 thought to be buried there have already been exhumed. The vast majority belonged to civilians who were killed during the six months of Russian occupation. Izium was liberated by Ukrainian forces on 10 September 2022.

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Iva Zimova

Iva Zimova, Czech and Canadian born in 1956

. I first developed my photographic eye in Montreal, where I studied photography at Dawson College. But Dawson Collage teaches commercial photography, and in any case I found that I was more comfortable wandering the streets with my camera than being locked up in a studio.

 Montreal’s streets were not enough for me, however, so I started to travel to different places. I became resolved to document the lives of people who are persecuted or neglected. In 1998, during the war in Kosovo, I encountered the Czech NGO, People in Need, and since then I have contributed to their efforts with my work. It’s very important for me to be involved in the environment that I am photographing. To be accepted by the people I photograph and to become one of them is a part of what I do. This takes time, but it allows me to be a privileged witness of social occasions and rituals that would otherwise be off-limits: births, baptisms, spiritual ceremonies, weddings and funerals. I always carry my cameras (one digital and one film camera) with me in my backpack. The pack becomes a part of my body and if I don't have it on me, I feel like I'm missing something. To have my cameras with me at all times gives me the opportunity to photograph anything that I find interesting, at anytime. I am represented by Panos Pictures.”

2 Comments

  1. This is a personal and painful account of bearing witness in the Ukraine. As always, Iva’s photography is layered and imbued with meaning. Her essay is both economic with words, and utterly heart-wrenching. Iva shoots behind the headlines, documenting the every-day of people trapped in-between the chaos of conflict and the remnants of the comfort of home. For those in her viewfinder, there is no realy closure, just the brief respite of being seen, being heard, above the fracas of mortars and gunshots, screaming and wailing, and the deathly silence of waiting. I am in awe of Iva’s ability to continue.

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