Ram Navami – tradition and rituals

© Shoubhik Bandyopadhyay

Ram Navami – tradition and rituals

The Ram Navami Chariot of Narajole, West Midnapore, West Bengal, a tradition in its 200th year


In rural Bengal, a tradition in its 200th year in 2019 has been the essence of its age old culture. Narajole, a village and gram panchayat in Daspur block of Ghatal sub division in Paschim Medinipur, nurtures the legacy of a Rath yatra which was first celebrated by the local Zamindar Mohanlal Khan in the Bengali lunar year 1225 (1818 AD). Legend goes, the Raja after having a dream travelled all the way to Ayodhya during his return from Varanasi and brought along with him, the deities of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Shal Gram Shila etc and constructed a beautiful temple in his estate in Narajole spending one lakh fifty thousand rupees. He invited priests from Varanasi during the consecration of the temple built for worship of Lord Rama. The Rath Yatra commenced on Ram Navami of the same year and has been till date, been the biggest festival of this village in Bengal with enthusiastic participation of the local villagers. At a distance of one and half kilometres away from the estate of Raja Mohanlal Khan wherefrom the Rath Yatra commenced, he named the locality Lanka Garh (meaning: Fort of Lankadhipati Ravana) and the Rath was pulled till there and then would return back on the same evening back to Narajole.

Historical records of the event of Ram Navami Rath Yatra during the time of the descendant of the Raja state that during the procession, two well decorated elephants would lead the delegation. Fifty people wearing red turbans would follow the elephants and the chariot containing the deities of Rama, Sita, Vishnu etc came next. The Palanquins carrying the Raja and other members of his family along with the priest would be at the end of the cavalcade. Upon reaching Lanka Garh, the head priest of the estate of the Raja would hand over to him, worshipped flowers and garlands thus concluding the rituals of this event. Thousands of villagers from surrounding villages participate in this festival every year with great enthusiasm. Specially cooked food locally known as the Dohari Bhoga is offered to the deity on the preceding day and the Churma Bhoga is offered on the day of Ram Nabami. The Chariot, Palanquin used to carry the deities to the chariot etc are also worshipped during the occasion of the Rath Yatra.

In the present day, the Rath Yatra is organised by a committee formed by the local villagers with active assistance from the local administration. They perform the rituals as per the age old traditions and the chariot is pulled till Lanka Garh even today and then again returned back to its original station on the same evening. A fair is held at Narajole as well as in Lanka Garh for fifteen days and the local people look up to this unique festival with great exuberance. Some of the articles sold during the fair are clay dolls, mats, utensils, locally made sweets (the traditional sweet of the region is the Muger Jilipi or Moong Jalebi), hand fans, farming tools etc. Earlier, Baul performances, folk theatre performances (Jatra), Putul Nach (Puppet Shows), etc were also organised during the Rath Yatra fair however the same seems to have faded away with time. During the Rath Yatra, display of fireworks is also a tradition that has been practised since its inception. The local villagers of this remotely located village in Rural Bengal wait all year round for Ram Nabami to enjoy the simple, yet harmonious festivity that has been its tradition for two centuries now.

To be able to walk through this historical village on the occasion of Ram Nabami with an intent of experiencing a traditional heritage that forms a part of its age old culture of devotion and communion and is devoid of any religious intolerance and expression of aggression in any way whatsoever was fascinating. Although the glamour that was once associated with this festival during its initial days have much faded away since several other modes of recreation has evolved with time along with other societal changes, the Ram Nabami Rath Yatra at Narajole in West Midnapore still proudly portrays a tradition of harmony and peace.

Source of Historical References are from the Book, “Narajole Ek Ananya Janapad”.



Rituals underway prior to the Ratha Yatra on Ram Navami



Deities of Rama, Lakshman, Sita, Bharath, Shatrugha and Hanuman being worshipped on Ram Navami at Narajole Raj Bari


Devotees gather during the worship on the occassion of Ram Navami


Descendants of the Zamindar family of Narajole along with locals carry the deities in a palanquin to the chariot

Devotional Singing and dancing in ecstasy form an integral part of the tradition

Playful children atop the chariot of Narajole

A little girl sells earthen idols at the fair of Ram Navami Rath Yatra in Narajole

Hand fans on sale at a Rupees twenty five for two at the fair on the occasion of Ram Navami at Narajole

Sweets are an integral part of any festival in Bengal, in Narajole the Math and the Muger Jilipi are famous

Chinese smart phones have flooded the remote villages as well, a young man captures an image of the chariot on Ram Navami

The Chariot on its return journey from Lanka Garh at mid night of Ram Navami in Narajole


Shoubhik Bandyopadhyay
(1984), I am a student of Photography with interest in documenting the Life, struggles and culture around, through the lenses. I have pursued several Photography related workshops from internationally acclaimed Photographers and also Certification Course on Photography from Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira Belur, an Educational Institution of repute in West Bengal, India. I am presently working in the Tourism sector with a Multi National Company. I intend to pursue my aspirations in Documentary Photography further in future.


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