Massimiliano Clausi, Harafish, from PRIVATE 48 – Economic inequalities, pp. 28-31[L]iving standards in Egypt are low by international standards, and have declined consistently since 1990. According to United Nations figures, some 20 to 30 percent of the population live below the poverty line. Uneven development is particularly evident in the urban area of Cairo.
According to a New York Times article, the informal settlements that sprang up almost 30 years ago without government planning or permission, currently host more than half of the capital’s bustling 20 million population.