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Urban Refugees in Nepal

Paul is an illegal refugee from the Democratic Republic of Congo. He worked for a political party, who lost the last election. Some of his friends were killed by the police and authorities, and they are now looking for him. Paul has lived underground in Kathmandu for more than three years. He was too afraid of having his photo taken.

Urban Refugees in Nepal, photo essay by Jan Møller Hansen

It is well known that Nepal is home to some 20,000 Tibetan refugees, who came to the country in the 50s, 60s and 70s after China invaded Tibet in the early 1950s.
In the early 90s more than 110,000 Bhutanese people also came Nepal as refugees as they were expelled by the Bhutanese authorities and army. They were no longer allowed to stay in their homes and live as citizens in their own country. Today many of the Bhutanese refugees have been resettled in third countries, but there are still nearly 30,000 refugees in two camps in Eastern Nepal and others are living as unregistered refugees outside the camps.

What is less known is that Nepal is also home to hundreds of refugees from a number of other countries. Many of them live in the capital Kathmandu and a few in other cities in Nepal. They have come from Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Congo, Somalia and other countries and are known as urban refugees.

The exact number of refugees in Nepal is uncertain, because Nepal is not a signatory of the 1951 U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees that ensures the legal status and economic rights of refugees. Nepal has requested that the UNHCR do not recognize additional cases of urban refugees within its borders in an effort to prevent Nepal from becoming a safe haven for illegal immigrants. Many of the urban refugees have ended up in Nepal due to political and religious conflicts in their home countries and are victims of human trafficking.

Nepal imposes a daily penalty fee of 6 USD on each illegal refugee, which makes it very difficult for refugees approved for third country resettlement to leave the country. Here you can meet a few of the urban refugees in Kathmandu.
All names have been changed to protect the individuals and their families.

In 2006, Ali became a translator for the American army when they came to his village. As a consequence the local Islamic leader issued a death Fatwa on Ali. One day when he was not home, the Sadrists murdered his wife and three children. Ali has now lived for more than eight years as an illegal refugee in Kathmandu, Nepal.

A young woman with her baby. She belongs to the Rohingya community, one of the most prosecuted people of the world, and lives as an illegal refugee in Nepal.

A man from the Amadiyaa community, who came as an illegal refugee from Pakistan to Nepal. The Amadiyaa community are prosecuted for their religion in Pakistan and other Islamic countries.

A couple with their new born baby. The are Rohingyas from Myanmar and live as illegal refugees in Kathmandu, Nepal.

A Somali family who have lived for years as illegal refugees in Kathmandu. They thought they were going to Neaple in Italy and ended up in Nepal.

An illegal refugee from Pakistan, who attends school in her local neighbourhood in Kathmandu.

Mother and daughter who live as illegal refugees in Kathmandu. They belong to the Chin community from Myanmar, and the husband and father was killed by the Burmese Army. The fled and ended up in Kathmandu,

Q&A with Jan Møller Hansen

Photography is…
Exploring, learning, respecting, documenting and creating visual story telling. Sometimes photography is also about getting behind what the physical eye can see. It is about feelings and emotions.

Photography and writing…
When good photos are combined with short and personal stories, the message and impact on the viewer and reader become much stronger. Good photography is also visual story telling.

Who left the biggest impression on you?
It is the personal stories that people tell me. I remember each and every person that I photograph. Some stories are more touching than others, but my objects are all part of the universe that I create through images.

Tell us a little about yourself
Well, I am just passionate about exploring and learning about the many fascinating facets of our complex world and its people through the lens. I have realised that photography is a very strong instrument for learning and gaining knowledge, and it helps me in shaping my values and norms. Through photography I have an excellent excuse of meeting interesting people and bringing myself into situations that I otherwise would never have experienced. Photography brings me closer to people and it connects. I am learning through photography.

Photographer(s):

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